The 19th Meeting of the APEC Expert Group on Energy Data and Analysis
Honolulu, USA, 14 and 15 January 2008

The 19th Meeting of the APEC Expert Group on Energy Data and Analysis (EGEDA) was held on 14 and 15 January 2008 at the East-West Center in Honolulu, USA
The meeting was hosted by the Department of Energy, USA. Mr. Kenichi Matsui, Councilor, Energy Data and Modeling Unit (EDMC), Institute of Energy Economics Japan (IEEJ) chaired the meeting. Representatives from Australia, China, Hong Kong China, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, Chinese Taipei and USA attended the meeting. Representatives of the Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC) were also present. A representative of the International Energy Agency (IEA) attended the meeting as an observer and guest speaker. The list of participants at the meeting is provided in Annex.
The meeting commenced with the welcome address by Dr. Margot Anderson, Director of the Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy and Dr. Charles E. Morrison, President, East –West Center, followed by an opening and thanking address by EGEDA Chair Mr. Kenichi Matsui.
The meeting discussed the following items:
  1. APEC energy statistics
  2. Monthly oil data collection
  3. Monthly natural gas data collection
  4. Data collection for energy efficiency indicators
  5. APERC's research activities
  6. Other business
  7. Special Presentations
  8. Summary session

1. APEC energy statistics

Mr. Shigeru Kimura, General Manager, EDMC/IEEJ, assigned as the Coordinating Agency (CA) of this Group, made a report on the Annual Energy Data Collection for 2005 and 2006. Mr. Kimura also noted that while the accuracy and timeliness of submissions of data from member economies to the APEC database has significantly improved, there are still some problems in terms of timing and consistency. Mr. Kimura urged members to submit consistent data in a timely manner.
Mr. Shigeru Kimura, General Manager, EDMC/IEEJ, assigned as the Coordinating Agency (CA) of this Group, made a report on the Annual Energy Data Collection for 2005 and 2006. Mr. Kimura also noted that while the accuracy and timeliness of submissions of data from member economies to the APEC database has significantly improved, there are still some problems in terms of timing and consistency. Mr. Kimura urged members to submit consistent data in a timely manner.
Then Mr. Kimura made a report on Major Economic Indicators and APEC Energy Database. Mr. Kimura noted the APEC Energy Database website received over 90,000 visits during 2007, illustrating how the database is used widely by analysts and researchers worldwide.
Mr. Kimura also presented an overview of the APEC energy situation. He reported that total primary energy supply in the APEC region grew at an annual rate of 3.4 percent between 2004 and 2005 while that of GDP was 3.8 percent. Mr. Kimura also outlined recent trends in aggregate energy intensities for APEC member economies and regional groupings by fuel (including electricity, coal, renewables, etc.)
Following the presentations, questions were raised concerning CO2 emissions factors, energy-related indicators and macroeconomic indicators and discussion was made on the points. Members of the APERC delegation suggested that EGEDA consider using more accurate and disaggregated carbon emission factors for the calculation of CO2 emissions and energy intensities, particularly for coal. There was also discussion of increased accuracy of the energy-related indicators, particularly related to transportation. It was suggested that the economies adopt fuel efficiency factors, although this data is difficult to collect or unavailable in some none-OECD countries. Discussion on macroeconomic indicators was tabled, as this data is collected from secondary sources and is not part of the APEC energy data submission mandate.
The CA proposed that economies submit as much final energy consumption data by sub-sector as possible, starting from 1990. Economies agreed to submit historical data as much as possible.

2. Monthly oil data collection

Mr. Jean-Yves Garnier, Head of Statistics Division, IEA, reported on Joint Oil Data Initiative (JODI) activities focused on the situation after the launch of the database in November 2005. He noted a detailed manual has been developed by the seven participating organizations to assist producers and consumers submit accurate data, and oil analysts access data. To assist economies in these regions who participate in JODI activities, training workshops were also convened in August 2006 in Caracas, Venezuela for South America, in January 2007 in Johannesburg for Southern African countries, and in October 2007, in Algiers for North Africa and the Middle East. He reported that the 2008 training program will target the Caspian Sea countries and the APEC economies. Mr. Garnier noted that JODI had strong political support and was an example of where statistics and the collection of statistics are visibly important. He noted that JODI’s progress has been exceptional, with 54 countries now reporting M – 1 data. Mr. Garnier reported that JODI has achieved 90 to 95 percent of its initial goals. He applauded member countries, including major oil producers, for making the effort to increase transparency of energy data. He reported that natural gas data collection (JODI GAS) is still in a trial phase and that this issue will be discussed at the upcoming IEF meeting in April 2008. Delegates indicated support to consider JODI GAS data submission in the near future, where possible.
Mr. Kimura reported the status of the monthly oil data collection in the APEC region and submission to the JODI database. A total of 20 of 21 APEC economies submitted the data. There has been an improvement in the timeliness and completeness of data but accuracy remains an ongoing issue for some economies. Economies were encouraged to continue to work to improve accuracy of their data. It was also noted that the JODI data area on the APEC Energy Database regularly receives over 50,000 visits a month.

3. Monthly natural gas data collection

Ms. Aoshima reported that the monthly natural gas data collection has been carried as a regular activity since July 2007. However, timeliness and completeness of data remains a challenge. Ms. Aoshima noted the quality of data submitted was relatively high and 10 of 14 non-OECD member economies submitted at least partial data, while all OECD economies submitted data. However, the completeness of data submitted needs to be improved. Member economies were also encouraged to submit data in a timelier manner. Discussion included the complexity of natural gas data and difficulty in obtaining additional resources for natural data collection, and delegates were urged to demonstrate to policymakers the increasing importance of improved natural gas statistics, including as it relates to energy security.

4. Energy efficiency indicators

Mr. Kimura reported on the status of the collection of data in support of the energy efficiency indicators project being undertaken by the Expert Group on Energy Efficiency and Conservation (EGEE&C). He presented several indicators for APEC economies calculated from the APEC Energy Database to illustrate the coverage and depth of statistics that are currently available in the database. Eight Non-OECD and five OECD economies submitted the data template, complete or in-part. The CA reported that the EGEDA-EGEE&C workshop was hosted in Singapore in September 2007.
Mr. Garnier reported on the status of the collection of energy efficiency and CO2 indicators in the IEA. He reported that member economies need to address gaps in available statistical data. He suggested that economies maintain a comprehensive framework to monitor end-use consumption at the sub-sector level to improve the accuracy and detail of derived indicators and improve planning and forecasting capabilities. It was noted that energy efficiency will be a lead item on the agenda for the upcoming G8 summit in Hokkaido.
Dr. Harbans Aulakh, senior monitoring adviser, Energy Efficiency Conservation Authority, New Zealand reported on the “APEC Economies' Energy Sustainability Indicators” draft report, which highlighted progress made at the Singapore Indicators Workshop on behalf of the EGEE&C. The draft report was circulated. Conclusions of the report were discussed, including the need to enable the collection of universal energy efficiency potentials, sub-set of end-use data, through technical assistance and capacity building in non-OECD APEC economies. Secondly, Dr. Aulakh presented an overview of APEC energy trends in the global context. He reported that energy efficiency analysis is limited to APEC IEA economies because of the lack of universal micro-level end-use data. The member economies were requested to look at their respective indictors, and provide comments where possible.

5. APERC's research activities

5a APEC Energy Overview
Ms. Naoko Doi, researcher, APERC, outlined the preparation and content of the sixth edition of the APERC publication entitled “APEC Energy Overview.” She also highlighted different energy efficient improvement policies, infrastructure developments, upstream and environment in member economies. She stressed the importance of the continued support from member economies in the preparation of the overview. In particular, she requested that member economies provide information on notable energy developments to the EWG in time for the compilation of information.
Delegates suggested that use of the term “elasticity” be reconsidered or clarified in APEC annual data analysis.

5b Report on Fiscal Year 2007 Research Activities
Mr. Kotaro Kimura, President, APERC, reported on the research activities to be completed by APERC in fiscal year 2007 (April through March). Mr. Kimura briefly introduced the research projects completed by APERC in the past and reported on the specific outcomes of the fiscal year 2007 program.
In fiscal year 2007, APERC conducted four research projects:
1. Energy Efficiency in the APEC Region
2. Understanding International Energy Initiatives – Phase II
3. Understanding Energy in China – Phase I
4. Urban Transport Energy Use in the APEC Region – Phase II
Mr. Kimura also noted a number of extension activities and collaborations undertaken by APERC with other international research organizations, including JODI and the know-how transfer program. EGEDA members noted the continued high quality of APERC’s research and congratulated APERC on the successful completion of this program.

5c Proposal for Fiscal Year 2008 research themes
Dr. Yonghun Jung, Vice-President, APERC presented on Recent Trends in the Energy Sector, focusing on the price of energy, and proposed three research projects to constitute the 2008 program of research for APERC. The proposed projects are:
1. APEC Energy Demand and Supply Outlook
2. Understanding Energy in China – Phase II: This report will include a 25-year outlook of energy supply and demand by province, and incorporate policy implications.
3. Preparation for the APEC Peer Review on Energy Efficiency: Including compilation of information on energy efficiency policies of APEC economies and participation in the peer review team, which are subject to the EWG decision on the peer review scheme.
After discussion, EGEDA members agreed the proposals were proper and timely research themes which were responding to evident EWG and APEC priorities.

5d Report from Advisory Group and Discussion of APERC Activities
Two Project Advisory Group (PAG) reports were provided to the meeting covering: Understanding International Energy Initiatives; and A Quest for Energy Security in the 21st Century.
On behalf of the PAG Leader for International Energy Initiatives, Ms. Yukari Yamashita, Senior Economist, IEEJ, Mr. Matsui delivered her comments to the EGEDA delegates.
Mr. Andrew Dickson, Senior Economist, ABARE, provided a report as leader of the PAG for "A Quest for Energy Security for the 21st Century".
Both Ms. Yamashita and Mr. Dickson congratulated APERC on the successful completion of these research projects and noted the high quality of the research.
There was no report from the PAG for "Urban Transport Energy Use in the APEC Region."
After discussion, Mr. Matsui proposed to abolish the PAG process. It was agreed that PAGs were no longer required to assist APERC to access project specific expertise. The proposal put forward by Mr. Matsui was accepted.

6. Other business

On second day of the conference, the chair tabled a proposal for US$30,000 of the APEC Operational Fund for the activities of 2009.
This is broken down to US$20,000 for the publication and distribution of the “APEC Energy Statistics,” the “Handbook of APEC Energy Statistics” and the “CD Rom”. In addition, US$10,000 was allocated for dispatching energy statistics experts of the Coordinating Agency to the APEC economies to assist their energy statistical job. After discussion, it was approved.
The chair proposed amendments of the T.O.R of the EGEDA to reflect the current activity of the Group. After discussion it was approved to add the collection of monthly natural gas data, beginning in July 2007, and Energy Efficiency Indicators, in support of Energy Security Initiatives.
New Zealand proposed the re-election of Mr. Kenichi Matsui as the EGEDA Chair for the coming three-year term. After discussion, member economies agreed to the proposal and Mr. Matsui was re-elected as Chair.
Singapore offer to host the 20th Meeting of the APEC Expert Group on Energy Data and Analysis. The delegates welcomed this offer.

7. Special Presentations

Taking advantage of the time for preparing the summary draft, two special presentations were provided by the hosting economy. 1. “Energy Issues in the Asia-Pacific Region” by Dr. Kang Wu of the East-West Center and 2. A software demonstration by Mr. Eddie Tan of GlobalView. The group appreciated the special presentations as informative and useful for EGEDA’s activities

8. Summary session

A draft of the summary record was discussed and accepted after amendments.
Lastly, Mr. Joseph Ayoub, Director of the Integrated Energy Statistics Division of the Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy made a closing address.
Mr. Matsui expressed his appreciation and thanks to the Government of USA and the East-West Center on behalf of all participants.

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The Institute of Energy Economics, Japan. All Rights Reserved.