|The 17th Meeting of the APEC Expert Group on Energy Data and Analysis (EGEDA)
was held on 22 and 23 February 2006 at the Sheraton Senggigi Beach Resort
Hotel in Lombok, Indonesia. The meeting was chaired by Mr. Kenichi Matsui,
Councillor, Energy Data and Modelling Unit (EDMC), Institute of Energy
Economics Japan (IEEJ). Representatives from Australia; Brunei Darussalam;
Canada; Hong Kong, China; Indonesia; Japan; Korea; Malaysia; New Zealand;
Papua New Guinea; the Philippines; Chinese Taipei and United States of
America attended the meeting. Representatives of the Asia Pacific Energy
Research Centre (APERC) were also present. Representatives of the ASEAN
Centre for Energy (ACE) and the International Energy Agency (IEA) attended
the meeting as observers. The list of participants at the meeting is provided
The meeting commenced with a welcome address by Dr. Luluk Sumiarso, Secretary General of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of the Republic of Indonesia, followed by an opening address by Mr. Kenichi Matsui.
The meeting discussed the following items:
- APEC energy statistics
- Monthly oil and gas data collection
- Natural gas data collection
- APERC's research activities
- Other business
Session 1. APEC energy statistics
Mr. Shigeru Kimura, General Manager of the EDMC/IEEJ, assigned as the Coordinating
Agency (CA) of this Group, reported that the CA is currently collecting
annual data for 2004 and quarterly data for 2005. He pointed out that there
are still problems in data collection in terms of the timing of submissions
and the consistency of data. He urged members to submit consistent data
in a timely manner. The CA discussed in detail the data problems with several
economies out of session.
Mr. Kimura presented an overview of the APEC energy situation. He reported
that total primary energy supply in the APEC region grew at an average
annual rate of 2.2 per cent between 1980 and 2003. However, he pointed
out a high growth of 6.1 per cent from 2002 to 2003 that may be the result
of erroneous data input or amended treatment of data in some economies.
He stated that the CA will follow up on this issue and will make the necessary
data revision in the 2006 volume.
Session 2. Monthly oil and gas data collection
Mr. Jean-Yves Garnier, representing the IEA, reported that the Joint Oil
Data Initiative (JODI) database was officially released on 19 November
2005 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. While the release of the JODI database is
a significant milestone on the JODI agenda, Mr. Garnier emphasized that
further efforts were required to improve the timeliness, coverage and reliability
of the data.
Mr. Edito Barcelona, Senior Researcher from EDMC/IEEJ, reported the situation
of the monthly oil data collection in the APEC region. He reported that
there has been an improvement in the timeliness of data reported under
JODI but completeness and accuracy remain ongoing issues for some economies.
Several economies were encouraged to improve the completeness and accuracy
of their data and the timeliness of their submissions. To improve data
accuracy, Mr. Barcelona, on behalf of the CA, proposed the inclusion of
internal data checks in the JODI reporting format. He also presented a
second proposal to harmonize the data of the JODI World Database and the
APEC Monthly Oil Data for APEC member economies that are also members of
In response to the first proposal, EGEDA agreed that the proposed revised
format be adopted on a trial basis. On the second proposal, it was agreed
that to minimize workload of member economies, the CA would ask the IEA
to provide the IEA's latest monthly data to the CA. The IEA agreed to provide
the CA with these data.
Session 3. Natural gas data collection
<FONT face="Times New Roman">The CA proposed a new format
for the collection of Annual Energy Demand and Supply Data in the APEC
region. The objectives in the proposal are to release more reliable energy
balance tables and to reduce the burden on member economies that report
to more than one organization.</FONT>
APERC suggested that in view of different calorific values of natural gas
from different sources, the CA should also include these data in its quarterly
collection. The delegates agreed to provide the weighted average of calorific
values of natural gas from various sources in each economy. Relating to
the collection of quarterly energy data, APERC also suggested that for
electricity data, production of thermal power be disaggregated into coal,
oil and natural gas. The delegates agreed to revise the format of the quarterly
energy data collection to reflect APERC's suggestion.
Session 4. APERC's research activities
4a APEC Energy Overview
Ms. Naoko Doi, Senior Researcher of APERC, provided a description of the
key statistics and trends evident in the "APEC Energy Overview",
published in February 2006. Ms. Doi stressed the importance of the continued
support from the member economies in the preparation of the Overview. In
particular, Ms. Doi requested that member economies provide information
on notable energy developments in time for the compilation and correction
of data and information.
4b Report on the APEC Energy Demand Outlook
Dr. Yonghun Jung, Vice President of APERC, provided an overview of the draft APEC Energy Demand and Supply Outlook. He stated that the primary energy mix is unlikely to change drastically over the period to 2030. He highlighted the key assumptions underpinning the results and the challenges that are posed by these projections. In particular, he raised issues related to energy security, investment requirements and environmental considerations.
APERC sent the draft outlook for each member economy for comments and will be taking these comments into consideration in finalizing the results.
4c Report on APERC's Downstream Oil Industry Study
Mr. Satoshi Nakanishi, General Manager of Research Department of APERC,
reported on the results of APERC's Downstream Oil Industry Study. The study
aimed to examine and analyze the characteristics of the APEC downstream
oil market and identify measures and strategies to address structural problems
and/or bottlenecks. He enumerated the key recommendations from the study.
These include the optimum utilization of surplus refining capacity in Northeast
Asia, trade liberalization of petroleum products and the facilitation of
investment in the refining sector.
4d Proposal for 2006 research themes
Dr. Yonghun Jung of APERC presented the list of proposed projects that
APERC is considering for 2006. He stated that this is not the final list
as APERC intends to carry out two to three studies. Some of the enumerated
projects may be combined to shorten the list for EWG approval in May 2006.
The initial list is as follows:
* Urban Development and Transportation Energy Demand
* Inter-fuel Competition in Road Transport with Focus on Potential for
* Renewed Interest in Coal for Power Generation in APEC
* Electricity Sector Deregulation in APEC
* Water for Energy Production in APEC
* Understanding International Energy Initiatives
* Human Resource for Energy Sector
The EGEDA delegates suggested combining some of the projects and addressing
crosscutting issues. APERC stated that EGEDA's comments will be taken into
account as they revise the list.
After finalizing the selection of proposed research themes for 2006, EGEDA
members will be invited to provide comments on the proposals. These comments
will be conveyed to the forthcoming EWG meeting in May 2006. A Project
Advisory Group will be formed for each project on a voluntary basis out
4e Report from Advisory Group and discussion of APERC activities
On behalf of the Outlook Advisory Group Leader, Ms. Yukari Yamashita, Mr.
Rejean Casaubon of Canada delivered the Group's comments to the EGEDA delegates.
The Group appreciated the significant work involved in the analysis of
detailed indicators of energy demand undertaken by APERC. It also highlighted
the importance of the outlook in supporting the analysis of key issues
affecting the energy sector in the APEC region.
Session 5. Other business
Proposal for 2007 APEC Operational Fund
The delegates agreed to the proposal put forward by Japan to seek funding
of US$20,000 from the APEC Operational Fund to support the Operation of
APEC Energy Database and Analysis.
Session 6. Summary session
The summary record of the meeting was presented and accepted as a true and accurate record of the meeting.
Papua New Guinea offered to host the 18th EGEDA Meeting in early 2007. The delegates welcomed this generous offer.
Lastly, Dr. Sukma Saleh Hasibuan, Head of Centre for Energy & Mineral Data and Information, MEMR, made a closing address. The Chair expressed his appreciation to the Government of the Republic of Indonesia on behalf of all participants for the excellent hospitality.